Ongoing Minor Research Projects- Funded by UGC

of the Staff

of the Project

& Order No.


Manohar V. Serrao

of Pradhan Manthri Jan-Dhan Yojana on the Economic Status of
Households – A Case Study of Dakshina Kannada District




Sharolin Avil Menezes

and Strategies of Flower Marketing: A study on Women Vendors in
Dakshina Kannada District




Kavitha B

of Fish Meal Factories on the Socio-Economic Status of the Women
Dry fish Vendors in Dakshina Kannada




Swathi Bhat

Attitude Towards Online Shopping and its Impact on Society





Health Infrastructure & Rural Health Services – V. Basil Hans


The term health infrastructure has risen to fame slowly but strongly in the economic literature during the last decade. Many consider this as a by-product of the growth of health economics as a discipline. Health economics itself is a relatively new subset of economics – about 3o years old – although its content and context is not confined to mainstream economics. Issues of health, including its economic dimension are being discussed and researched upon not only by economists but also by sociologist, anthropologists, biomedical scientists, nutritionists and others. Healthy discussions, affect/guide policy-making. We must acknowledge that quality healthcare is a fundamental right and not a privilege.

While health is a state of mind, holistic and sustainable health in an individual and a community require strong institutional health. It is in this context that a study of structural and functional development of health infrastructure and services assumes significance.
Contemporary society considers not just income-earning but also spending (end-use) as a major determinant of the standard of living and happiness of the people. Spending on health as a necessary good is to be studied in depth, not just for personal gain but also for societal welfare and country’s progress.

Healthcare transcends the sphere of medicine per se to sociology, to economics and to political science. The failure of health services – development and delivery – in a country affects the physical quality of life of the people, their productivity, work efficiency, environment and livelihood as also the overall economic status of the individual and the community as a whole.

This study is region-specific. On the one hand it helps in ascertaining the specific region’s position and problems with regards to variables under study. On the other hand it helps in highlighting and under scoring the macro-level findings. The time has come to rethink rural infrastructure and to factor in ‘accesses’ to infrastructural services and technological changes.

In the light of the intra-state and inter-state disparities in human and other dimensions of development, we have chosen one of the fast-growing states of India viz. Karnataka as the universe of study. Despite being a progressive state, rural health centres (including veterinary hospitals) – even though locally available – lack adequate medicines, equipment and manpower. Visits by health guides are also not regular in many of the villages. This has largely affected health service in general and preventive aspect of health in particular. National Mission for Health should be a catalyst of change.

We may remember here what WHO said in 1997 and is still relevant: To address threats to health, new forms of action are needed. There is a clean need to break through traditional boundaries within government sector, between government and non-governmental organisation, and between public and private sectors. Co-operation is essential, this requires the creation of new partnerships for health, on an equal footing, between the different sectors at all levels of governance in society.

The Report contains the work done by the principal investigator based on the collected data. There are six chapters: 1. Introduction, 2. Review of Literature, 3. Profile of the Area of Study, 4. Rural health Services, 5. Impact Analysis, and 6. Conclusion.

From the findings of the study we can infer that that is close relationship between rural economic development and health infrastructure. People take increasing interest in health promotion activities but not always the resources are adequate and accessible. There are inter-state, inter-district, inter-taluk and inter-village disparities in this regard. It is only with the collaboration of the governments, private sector, and the third sector that we can make the much necessary headway. There should be no compromise on that.